Dr. Manish Bansal

Orthopaedic, Arthroscopy & Sports Injury Surgeon



Have some Questions? We have the answers!
Arthroscopy is an outpatient surgical procedure that utilizes an arthroscope to peer inside a joint, diagnose damage, and address various issues. The term “Arthroscopy” originates from two Greek words: “arthro,” which means joint, and “scope,” which means to observe or look at. An arthroscope is a small tube equipped with a camera lens and a light source. This camera projects an image of the joint onto a video monitor. Arthroscopy is minimally invasive, involving the surgeon making small keyhole incisions to insert the arthroscope into the joint. As a result, it is less painful, and recovery is typically faster. The procedure is usually performed as a day surgery, allowing patients to return home on the same day. It is conducted under general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia, enhancing patient comfort. Arthroscopy significantly simplifies the process of diagnosing joint problems.

Arthroscopic surgery has gained immense popularity over the years, primarily because it simplifies the process of diagnosing joint issues for orthopedic surgeons. In some cases, it is the preferred diagnostic method and can yield more accurate results than an MRI. Notably, this technique is a top choice among renowned athletes when dealing with sports-related injuries.

One of its most significant advantages is its minimally invasive nature, making it superior to open surgery. Arthroscopy also boasts shorter procedure times, typically performed under general anesthesia, and allows for same-day discharge of the patient.

By utilizing small keyhole incisions in the skin, arthroscopic surgery significantly reduces damage and scarring resulting from the operation. Furthermore, it provides the surgeon with a detailed view inside the joint, enabling more effective treatment of the underlying problem. Additionally, it is a cost-effective procedure, enhancing accessibility to a broader population.

Patients also experience comparatively less pain than with other procedures, and recovery is typically achieved within one to two weeks.

The risks associated with this surgery are relatively uncommon; however, on rare occasions, complications may arise either during or after the procedure. These complications may include infection, phlebitis (blood clotting in the vein), excessive blood loss, damage to blood vessels and nerves, excessive swelling, and instrument breakage during the procedure. It’s important to note that such complications are observed in less than 1 percent of all arthroscopic procedures.

The cost of arthroscopic surgery varies based on the specific procedure and the duration of inpatient stay. However, it remains significantly more affordable than open surgery. When viewed from a long-term perspective, it offers a cost-effective solution.

Typically, it takes around 2-3 weeks for individuals to return to work and resume their everyday activities following arthroscopic surgery. Patients with good physical fitness and athletes may experience a faster recovery compared to others. It’s important to note that each arthroscopic procedure is tailored to the specific patient, taking into account a variety of factors such as preexisting conditions, complications, and the nature of the disorder. As a result, the recovery process varies from person to person. Factors like age, weight, and the severity of the injury also influence the duration of the recovery period.

A joint is the point where two or more bones are connected to each other. Common joints include the knee, elbow, ankle, hip, and shoulder. Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure designed to address a damaged joint by replacing it with plastic, metal, or ceramic components. These artificial components, known as prostheses, mimic the movement of a healthy joint. Joint replacement is recommended in cases where the pain resulting from an injury is particularly severe, and repairing the damaged joint through minimally invasive methods is not feasible. Overall, it is a highly effective and safe orthopedic procedure for the treatment of joint issues.

Total joint replacement becomes the definitive treatment choice when nonsurgical interventions like medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle adjustments fail to alleviate the patient’s condition. If the patient continues to experience pain and disability despite these efforts, the orthopedic specialist may recommend total joint replacement. This procedure ranks among the most commonly performed surgeries worldwide and is renowned for its exceptional effectiveness. With high success rates, total joint replacement provides lasting relief from the pain associated with arthritis and other injuries. For those who have lost hope of recovery, this surgery offers a new opportunity to regain the ability to walk without pain and engage in daily activities. It reduces reliance on others, particularly among older individuals, and fosters an improved quality of life.

Joint replacement surgery is generally not associated with major complications. However, your doctor will provide comprehensive information about potential risks both during and after the procedure. Most complications are rare and can be effectively treated. Among the more commonly encountered complications of joint replacement surgery are infection, blood clots, nerve injuries, and issues related to the prosthesis such as loosening or dislocation.


The cost of joint replacement surgery varies and is influenced by several factors. These include the type of prosthesis utilized, the quality of medical care, the size of the hospital where the surgery takes place, and any additional medical conditions the patient may have at the time of the procedure.

Achieving full functionality after surgery requires more than just rest. A comprehensive rehabilitation process involves daily physiotherapy sessions, progressive exercises, a balanced diet, adequate rest, and guided assistance during the recovery period. This thorough approach is essential for the complete rehabilitation of the patient. It typically takes over a year to achieve full recovery and return to normal functioning.